Brazil

Brazil

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COPPALJ

"We managed to free babaçu here in our territory. Our life is made of battles, hard work and fights. To be able to deal with everything, the cost of living, sustainability, ignorance, and misunderstanding. This struggle in defence of the babaçu palm tree, our mother, is very important"

Diocina Lopes do Reis – Member of COPPALJ

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COPPALJ

Location: Lago do Junco, Maranhão

Year of Foundation: 1989

Number of Members: 201

Sector: Family farming cooperative

Key themes: Women’s empowerment, community development, environmental protection

  • 1 No Poverty
  • 5 Gender Equality
  • 13 Climate action
  • 15 Life on land
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Coop Story

COPPALJ (Cooperativa de pequenos productores agroextrativistas do Lago do Junco e Lago dos Rodrigues) is a family farming cooperative located in the municipality of Lago do Junco, in the Maranhão State, one of the poorest States in Brazil. The cooperative was founded in 1989 by smallholder farmers and babaçu nut breaker women, who are rural workers devoted to collecting and breaking nuts to produce babaçu oil. Before setting up the cooperative, most of the families were involved in fighting against landowners who were jeopardizing their continuity on the land they were used to living and working on. Once they managed to maintain the control over their land, they started their fight to protect the babaçu palms. They managed to pass a municipality law that extends their control over the babaçu palms and guarantees them free access to this natural resource that landowners wanted to destroy to replace with livestock breeding. In addition, a cooperative was set up to enhance babaçu's value and its commercialization. Today, the COPPALJ has 201 members. It transforms babaçu nuts into organic oil, which is sold in local, domestic and international markets. The COPPALJ has also created a network of 8 shops at community level, where members can sell their nuts and buy several items for consumption. This is a mixed cooperative, where both women and men can be members. As women members reported, it took a lot of work and training for women to actively participate in the cooperative management and for men to accept women leadership, and yet there is still a long way to go. The coop is also part of a network of social movement organizations, such as local NGOs, like ASSEMA and AMTR, trade unions and family agricultural schools. Since the coop was set up, the quality of life of the members and their communities has substantially improved in many domains, from nutrition to education and from access to health care to decent housing. Most of all, as they reported, by acting together they have empowered themselves and found their own way to freedom and social justice.

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Key Learning Points

  • An endogenous process of collective action can give birth to genuine cooperatives, capable of empowering members, transforming territories, and generating innovative models of local development.
  • Family farming cooperatives have a key role in improving rural communities’ wellbeing and food security. 
  • Mixed cooperatives, if supported by training on gender equality and other organizations, can be a means for women's empowerment and more inclusive workplaces.
  • To become a driver of sustainable local development, it is crucial that cooperatives are part of a network made up of other cooperatives, as well as of associations, trade unions, and other social economy bodies. They should also have a strategy of collective-action to protect the environment and to campaign for public policies.