Key figures

Number of cooperatives per sector
Employees and members per sector

Research overview


Responding to challenges and existing knowledge gaps facing the cooperative movement, this mapping research seeks to provide exhaustive information on cooperatives around the world.

This is achieved through a process jointly conducted by the ICA and its four regional offices – Cooperatives of the Americas, Cooperatives Europe, ICA Africa, and ICA Asia-Pacific – using a common methodology, designed with the support of external experts from the European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises (Euricse).

Each office collected the input of ICA members present in the countries within its geographic area, by using a common questionnaire, and completing it with relevant national statistics, in order to obtain a picture of the national situation. As a result, the data above is collected following two strategies: 1) a survey targeting ICA cooperative members 2) collecting national statistics already available in the country. The numbers above provide aggregated data from ICA members on the number of cooperatives, as well as the number of cooperative employees and memberships in the country. More methodological information is available in the full report. In Eswatini, the data is collected for the reference year 2017.

Mapping out cooperatives in each country provides a more precise picture of the cooperative context at national and regional levels, enhances the movement's visibility, networking, partnerships opportunities, as well as advocacy, and empowers cooperators by providing tools for positive change.

This webpage presents a snapshot of the research results for Eswatini. For more information and the full research results, you can download the highlights and the report by clicking on the links above.



Cooperatives in Eswatini started in 1964 when the first Cooperative Proclamation was introduced, during the Colonial Regime. The main objective for encouragement of cooperatives was to promote rural development for indigenous Swazi farmers.


Eswatini counts one ICA associate member organization, The Eswatini Farmers’ Cooperative Union (ESWAFCU). ESWAFCU is a farmers’ and multipurpose cooperative and it represent members from various industries to include: livestock, forestry, crops & vegetables, processing, manufacturing, handicraft, manufacturing and retail. It represents 84 cooperative organizations and 2,500 members.

The cooperative movement in Eswatini comprises of 579 registered cooperatives and 64,591 members.

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