Key figures

Number of cooperatives per sector

Research overview


Responding to challenges and existing knowledge gaps facing the cooperative movement, this mapping research seeks to provide exhaustive information on cooperatives around the world.

This is achieved through a process jointly conducted by the ICA and its four regional offices – Cooperatives of the Americas, Cooperatives Europe, ICA Africa, and ICA Asia-Pacific – using a common methodology, designed with the support of external experts from the European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises (Euricse).

Each office collected the input of ICA members present in the countries within its geographic area, by using a common questionnaire, and completing it with relevant national statistics, in order to obtain a picture of the national situation. As a result, the data above is collected following two strategies: 1) a survey targeting ICA cooperative members 2) collecting national statistics already available in the country. The numbers above provide aggregated data from ICA members on the number of cooperatives, as well as the number of cooperative employees and memberships in the country. More methodological information is available in the full report. In Philippines, the data is collected for the reference year 2016.

Mapping out cooperatives in each country provides a more precise picture of the cooperative context at national and regional levels, enhances the movement's visibility, networking, partnerships opportunities, as well as advocacy, and empowers cooperators by providing tools for positive change.

This webpage presents a snapshot of the research results for Philippines. For more information and the full research results, you can download the highlights and the report by clicking on the links above.




Cooperatives have been seen for a long time as important economic actors in the Philippines. They are well recognised in law; their promotion by a State agency was written into the constitution in 1987, and they have their own up to date Cooperative Code, amended in 2008. They have been the ‘policy instrument of the government in promoting social justice and economic development’ which means they that have had favoured status in economic and social policy. 




ICA has eleven members from the Philippines. 

In Philippines, the research questionnaire was distributed to and completed by 5 ICA member organisations in the country. The data collected was for the reference year 2016.




ICA members represent over 9,432 cooperatives in the country, with a total number of memberships of 7,647,800, and a total number of 226,400 employees.

Consumer cooperatives, producer cooperatives, worker cooperatives and multi-stakeholder cooperatives are all present in Philippines.

Its member organisations are active in the several sectors, including Credit, Banking, Transport, Agriculture, etc. The graphics above provide more information. 


Legal framework

Legal framework


The legal framework analysis aims to provide general knowledge of the national cooperative legislation and of its main characteristics and contents, with particular regard to those aspects of regulation regarding the identity of cooperatives and its distinction from other types of business organisations, notably the for-profit shareholder corporation.

It aims to evaluate whether the national legislation in place supports or hampers the development of cooperatives, and is, therefore “cooperative friendly” or not, and the degree to which it may be considered so, also in comparison to the legislation in force in other countries of the ICA region, or at the supranational level.

In addition, the research aims to provide recommendations for eventual renewal of the legal frameworks in place in order to understand what changes in the current legislation would be necessary to improve its degree of “cooperative friendliness”, which is to say, to make the legislation more favourable to cooperatives, also in consideration of their specific identity. This webpage presents a snapshot of the legal framework analysis results for the Philippines.


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